Traditional Educational Institutions within Child Education throughout Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is bordered around the north-west, south and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia in addition to on south-west simply by the Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 27, 925 square a long way. The colony associated with Sierra Leone originated from the sale plus cession in 1787 by native chiefs to English settlers of any piece regarding land intended as being a home for Africa settlers who were waifs working in london and later it seemed to be used as the settlement for separated African slaves. Typically the hinterland was reported a British Protectorate on 21st September, 1896. Sierra Leone attained independence on 27th April, 61 and became a Republic in the year of 1971. Education is offered by both non-public and state-sponsored schools. The current program of education will be 6-3-4-4 (that is usually six years Main school, three years Jr . Secondary School, 4 years Senior Second School and 4 yrs tertiary/higher education. This particular system is accompanied by non- elegant education.


Education is definitely frequently used in the particular sense of coaching in the school room, laboratory, workshop or domestic science space and consists principally in the imparting by simply the teacher, in addition to the acquisition simply by pupils, of info and mental since well as handbook skills. A wider meaning than training is that associated with schooling. In other words most that goes upon within the school as part of the pupil’s life generally there. It includes, among various other things, relationship among pupils and educators, pupils and learners both in plus outside the college. L. S. Mill (1931) opined that whatever helps to form the human getting; to make the particular individual what he or she is or impede him from being what he is certainly not is part of their education. Implicitly schooling is lifelong and even ubiquitous; it does not take total total of most influences which go to come up with an individual what he or she is, from birth to death. It includes the property, our neighbors, and the street among other folks.

Education is to be able to some extent a new deliberate planned procedure devised and performed by the instructor using the purpose involving imbuing the learner with certain info, skills, of thoughts and body while well as modes of behavior regarded as desirable. In portion is it doesn’t learner’s personal respond to the surroundings in which they lives. Education has three focal factors: the individual/person upon whom the educator’s influences are delivered to bear; the particular society or neighborhood to which he or she belongs; and typically the whole context regarding reality within which the individual plus society play their very own part. Man is definitely a social beast; he grows as being a person through typically the impact of personality on personality; plus even for the basic physical demands he depends upon what assist and cooperation associated with his fellow guys and women. With no society and the mutual support in addition to enrichment of experience which it offers world is impossible and even the life regarding man, in Hobbes’ words, is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. “

One of the particular fundamental facts involving human existence is definitely the tension between your pull of the particular past and typically the forward urge straight into the future, involving stability and modification, tradition and innovation. For effective residing, man has to have a circle of security, an area of established habits and relationship which forms trustworthy relationships. This is usually also true regarding society. For its effective functioning right now there must be a continuity of practices and outlook which often preserves its id as a culture and safeguards this contrary to the disruptive outcomes of change. Modification must be forever and not fixed but this change in turn need to be controlled simply by the basic customs of society. That is tradition that gives a nation it is character and distinctiveness as a community. The conservation of tradition therefore is definitely obviously crucial.

This has been identified from time immemorial that the conservation of traditional education has a crucial part to play in the development of the child. The particular children these days are the adults of the next day; they must learn therefore, to inherit and perpetuate the beliefs and settings of life unusual to the certain society to which often they belong. Regarding every society has got the desire to maintain itself not just physically but as neighborhood consciously sharing particular aims, ideals and patterns of conduct. This type regarding education is not necessarily necessarily formal in schools by means of classroom instruction but that effected indirectly via the family and through the impact in the individual involving social influences in addition to customs which typically the child cannot avoid. In Sierra Leone this social training included elaborate ceremonies of initiation including feats of stamina in which young men and women must prove themselves worth the community. Typically the ultimate goal was initially to produce somebody who was honest, respectful, skilled, cooperative, and who could comply with the social order of the day. While Aristotle once explained “the constitution regarding a state will suffer if education is neglected. Typically the citizens of the state should constantly be educated to fit the constitution from the state. جامعة المستقبل of character best suited to a metabolic rate is the power which continues to sustain this it is also the state force which in turn originally created it” (p. I).


Traditional education has both an innovative plus conservation function inside society; this is a highly effective means of keeping a society’s traditions, if not lifestyle. In past times the nature and needs associated with society played part in determining the nature of education. Professor M. V. C. Jeffreys (1950) once wrote in his publication, Glaucon, that “in a tranquil society the academic system will certainly are likely to reflect typically the social pattern, although social uneasiness plus instability create prospect for using education as an device of social change”(p. 7). A comparable view was distributed by John Dewey (1897) who opined that through training society can produce an unique purposes, might organize its own means and resources and thus conserve itself with definiteness and economy within the direction in which it wishes in order to move. Education appearances both towards the previous and the future; inevitably it reflects the traditions plus character of society. Traditional education enables you to prepare for alterations in society plus anticipate preventing alterations or the effects of changes in culture.

Traditional education conserves and hands on the customs and ways of living which constitute the smoothness of a community and maintains it is unity. It in addition helps society in order to interpret its capabilities in new ways to meet the issues of change, searching for ways or lines of development that are consistent with the traditions and traditions and will at the same time raise society to some more complete happiness of itself.

History reveals that now there were no elegant schools where young children were educated in Pre-colonial Sierra Leone. The Poro and Bondo/Sande Secret Organizations were looked upon as institutions to coach youngsters. They were rose bush schools. And the particular education these bush schools provided was informal. Children that had these magic formula societies were regarded as able to carrying out their civic duties. They became adults and can get married to and start existence. They considered by themselves jointly family. Inside of other words each Secret Societies a new sense of comradeship and unity among members irrespective involving family, clan or even ethnic affiliation. That was therefore considered that children which had not gone through these secret societies were not totally matured.

The Poro Secret Society will be for boys. The spiritual head associated with the Poro Community is Pa Gbonu, seen only with the older graduates or even members. The physical heads are typically the Pa Sama Yorgbors and Pa Somanos. They direct the activities in the establishment. The senior trainers are the Pa Kashis, who usually teach and give instructions to additional initiators. The Pa Manchiyas function as teachers to the starts while the Kachemas are the scaring tones. They scare typically the women and youngsters alike together with the brand new initiates. The Rakas are the charge boys carrying text messages around. The Yambas are the head boys. The Bomos would be the senior prefects while the Sayboms usually are the prefects; and even the monitors are the Gbanaboms. Informal is held in the particular Secret Poro Bush. The subjects trained include Creative Sensible Arts, Performing Martial arts, Practical Agriculture, Remedies i. e. usage of local herbs for the treatment of different ailments), warfare and even other skills. Found in Creative Practical Disciplines initiates are educated how to make fishing nets, bins, mats, and carving wood and cleaning soap stones into different objects such because animals and human beings; in Performing Artistry initiates are educated singing, dancing in addition to the use associated with Poro musical devices. In Practical Culture initiates practice farming. Boys are trained to bear hardship with no complaint and grow accustomed to it. Therefore they may be taken in order to the farms associated with their teachers and even elders to job on pro vale basis. However in the course of the harvest time initiates could pass through these farms having whatever they need and eat without being questioned by simply farm owners. Starts are taught to respect elders plus use of firearms to kill animals. In a related vein initiates happen to be taught how to be able to use guns inside fighting in protection of their communities. Other skills initiates are taught consist of making fish tiger traps, fishing and shopping net, and basketry. Inside the use involving herbs initiates pay out money (some freely given) for treatment various sicknesses and with protection against foes, evil spirits and snake bites. Initiates who wish to cause injury to others making use of herbs could ‘redeem’ the herb/medicine worried. Over all initiates are taught some sort of new Language used only by associates called Ke Sornor. For example fonka trika meaning I will be talking to an individual; fonka bonomi that means Discuss. The use of this fresh Language makes teachers very proud and feel different by non-initiates. Graduates take place out with new names such because Lamp, Langba and Kolerr. A graduating ceremony climaxes the event.